Healthy and glowing skin is not all about having great genes. Your lifestyle habits and daily skin care routine have a crucial impact on your skin health and appearance. And building a great skin care routine does not start from getting the best products out there. It starts from understanding your skin, learning how to care for and protect it, and meeting its requirements.
Reading all the opinions, going through product reviews, and watching videos to set up a basic routine may feel confusing. However, skin care is all about self-care and your personal choices. Scroll through this article to understand what you need to do to set up a basic daily skin care routine as per your skin type.
How To Determine Your Skin Type
Before you start following a skincare routine, it is critical to determine your skin type. If you are confused about your skin type, here is a simple way to determine it:
Normal Skin: This skin type feels balanced. It is neither too oily nor too dry. Also, it is not excessively sensitive and does not react to anything applied to it.
Oily Skin: If your T-zone is shiny and greasy, you may have oily skin. Oily skin tends to have larger sebaceous glands that produce excess oil. It is also acne-prone.
Dry Skin: If your skin feels tight and itchy, especially after washing, you have dry skin. This type of skin feels patchy and itchy. It is also prone to premature aging.
Combination Skin: If your T-zone is oily and the cheeks and rest of the face are dry, you have combination skin.
Sensitive Skin: If your skin reacts to any product and gets irritated easily (especially after sun exposure), you have sensitive skin.
Daily Skin Care Routine: Step By Step Guide
Note: Whatever the skin type, follow the three main steps – Cleansing, Toning, and Moisturizing (the CTM routine). For the rest, you can experiment with any skincare product that suits your skin.
Skin Care Routine For Normal Skin
Normal skin is balanced and doesn’t have issues like other skin types. The aim of your skincare routine should be not to upset the balance.
Cleanse your skin with a non-foamy or gentle sulfate-free cleanser. Sulfate-free cleansers do not dry out your skin and do a good job of getting rid of any excess oil or grime that may have settled into your skin pores.
Avoid toners that contain alcohol. These products are not only extremely harsh on your skin, but they also dehydrate it and lead to dryness. Instead, use toners with natural ingredients, such as rosewater andother nourishing and hydrating ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid and peptides.
You use a vitamin C serum. Combining vitamin C with sunscreen (the last step of the routine) can double the protection and neutralize the harmful free radicals.
Using a moisturizer will help hydrate your skin. Look for products that contain ceramides, hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and peptides. Also, choose products that are non-comedogenic and specially formulated for the face.
Though your moisturizer contains SPF, do not forget to apply sunscreen. Go for a sunscreen that has at least SPF 30 and PA +++ rating. This ensures your skin is protected from both UVA and UVB rays.
Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning. However, it is better if you double cleanse. In other words, remove all the dirt, makeup, and dust from your face using cleansing oil, lotion, or balm, and then use the other cleanser to wash your face.
Tone your skin with a gentle and hydrating toner containing chamomile, green tea extracts, and ingredients like allantoin and niacinamide.
Use an antioxidant-rich serum to provide additional nourishment to your skin. Check for ingredients like algae extracts, resveratrol, and sodium ascorbyl phosphate (a stable form of vitamin C).
- Eye Cream
Apply an eye cream that is formulated for specific issues, such as dark circles or puffy eyes. Choose one that can address your issue.
Go for a moisturizer with a creamy formula to provide deep nourishment to your skin.
You may exfoliate your skin with a glycolic acid serum. Glycolic acid is gentle on your skin and can deeply penetrate it. It dissolves and sloughs off dead skin cells, leaving your skin looking brighter and feeling smoother. However, avoid using AHA-based exfoliants every day. Limit the usage to once or twice a week, depending on your skin’s tolerance levels.
Home Remedies To Try
You may also apply yogurt to your skin. Both oral consumption and the topical application of yogurt is beneficial for the skin and helps to keep it healthy (1). However, yogurt contains lactic acid, which may irritate the skin. Do a patch test before using.
Skin Care Routine For Oily Skin
Oily skin has overactive glands that produce excess sebum. The aim of the skincare routine should be to minimize oil while maintaining hydration levels.
It is important to invest in a cleansing face wash if you have oily skin. You can also look for oil-free cleansing gels or foams. Prefer sulfate-free products as these will control oiliness while cutting the risk of drying out your skin.
Depending on the skin tolerance levels, you may use gentle AHA-based exfoliants twice or thrice a week. If you prefer physical scrubs, use a mild product once a week to clear blackheads, whiteheads, and clogged skin pores. However, avoid using walnut scrubs on the skin, especially if you have active breakouts.
Alcohol-free toner with ingredients like sodium PCA, witch hazel, or geranium is the way to go when dealing with oily skin. These astringent ingredients help clean your skin and refine skin pores without damaging or dehydrating your skin.
Contrary to popular belief, moisturizing is crucial even for oily skin types. Dehydrated skin can kick your sebaceous glands into overdrive, leaving your skin in a worse condition than before.
Look for oil-free moisturizers. Water-based, non-comedogenic gels and lotions are usually a good option for oily skin. These products feel light on your skin, keep it hydrated, and leave it with a matte finish. If you have extremely oily skin, you can choose to invest in a good hydrating gel.
Slathering on sunscreen may not seem appealing if you have oily skin. However, this is because you probably have not been using the right products. Instead, use gel-based, matte-finish sunscreens. Products with zinc oxide can make a world of difference to your skincare routine. These products leave your skin with a matte finish while also preventing breakouts.
Use the same cleanser that you use in the morning.
Tone your face with the same toner you use for your morning routine.
- Serum (AHA/BHA)
Oily skin usually has large pores, and AHA/BHA serums help minimize the appearance of skin pores. If you have acne-prone skin, look for ingredients like salicylic acid in the product.
- Serum (Retinol)
Use any serum with retinol. This serum is beneficial for oily skin as it helps to minimize the appearance of pores with continued use. However, retinol may not suit everyone. Therefore, consult a dermatologist before using retinol-based products. Also, if you are using retinol after AHA-BHA products, wait for at least 30 minutes before layering the products.
- Night Cream
You may use a water-based, oil-free, and non-comedogenic night cream, in the end, to lock in all the skincare products you have applied. A water-based moisturizer is ideal for oily skin as it feels extremely light.
You may use face oils and clay masks as additional treatments for oil control and keeping your skin healthy. Clay masks help absorb excess oil and keep your skin clear, while face oils provide additional moisturization.
Home Remedies To Try
You may use clay masks once a week. Pick any clay-like Multani mitti or bentonite clay. Make a paste using water or rosewater and apply it to your skin.
Skin Care Routine For Dry Skin
The skincare routine for dry skin should focus on hydration.